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How Serious Is Rheumatoid Arthritis

How Serious Is Rheumatoid Arthritis?

Rheumatoid arthritis is an autoimmune and inflammatory disease. When your immune system confuses, and mistakes attack healthy cells in your physical and cause parts of body inflammation or painful swelling. Typically, rheumatoid arthritis attacks joints including joints in hand, wrists, and knees. Joints that having rheumatoid arthritis lead the lining of the joints to become inflamed and cause damage to joint tissue. The inflamed or damaged tissue can cause long-term chronic pain, imbalance body or unsteadiness, and misshapenness. Moreover, if rheumatoid arthritis affects other areas of tissue throughout the physique, it leads to complications in other organs like the lungs, heart, and eyes.

What are the signs and symptoms of rheumatoid arthritis?

  • Pain or aching in joints and worse in the morning or after a period of inactivity
  • Stiffness joints (you may not be able to bend your finger or in the form of a fist)
  • Tenderness
  • Swelling, warmth, and redness

Some people diagnosed with rheumatoid arthritis may have additional symptoms following:

  • Weight loss
  • Loss of appetite
  • Fever (high temperature)
  • Fatigue/tiredness
  • Weakness

Rheumatoid arthritis can be caused problems to other area and have followed symptoms:

  • Dry eyes (in case rheumatoid arthritis affected to eyes)
  • Chest pain (in case rheumatoid arthritis affected to the lungs or heart)

What are the risk factors to have rheumatoid arthritis?

If you have following characteristics below, you are likely to increase your chance to have rheumatoid arthritis

  • Age: rheumatoid arthritis is highest among people in their sixties.
  • Sex: Women are typically having a higher time (two-to-three times) than men.
  • Genetics/inherited traits: People who born with specific genes like Human Leukocyte Antigen (HLA) called class ll genotypes, can make their arthritis worse.
  • Smoking: Various studies demonstrated that cigarette smoking rises a chance to develop rheumatoid arthritis.
  • History of live births: Women never give birth may have a greater chance to have rheumatoid arthritis.
  • Early life exposures: Children whose mother smoke had a double risk of rheumatoid arthritis when growing up as adults. Additionally, children who have low-income parents are facing to have rheumatoid arthritis as adults.
  • Obesity: The more overweight person, the higher of his or her risk is increased to have rheumatoid arthritis.

You can decrease the chance to have Rheumatoid Arthritis if you have followed the condition

  • Breastfeeding: If women have breastfed their toddlers, they have decreased risk of having rheumatoid arthritis

How is Rheumatoid Arthritis diagnosed?

You have to go to consult with a specializing physician of rheumatoid arthritis called a rheumatologist. Sign and symptoms of rheumatoid arthritis are not specific and similar to other joint inflammation; thus, you have to consult with a rheumatologist to correct diagnosis. Furthermore, they might suggest you do follow blood tests:

  • Erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR): help to assess levels of inflammation in the body
  • C-reactive protein (CRP): help to measure levels of inflammation
  • Full blood count: help to rule out other possible problems and causes of the symptoms and indicators of general health status.
MRI scans and x-rays

MRI scans and x-rays may be done to check for joints inflammation and damage.

How can people with rheumatoid arthritis manage their condition and improve their quality of life?

Rheumatoid arthritis is a long-term and chronic disease. You may need to adapt the way you do every single day to assist you to manage your condition as it affects the simple daily task you used to do and become a difficulty to do. To improve your quality of life you may follow as mention below:

  • Take medicine
  • Get physically active for rheumatoid arthritis
  • Go to effective physical activity programs
  • Join a self-management education
  • Stop smoking
  • Maintain body weight or healthy weight

References

  1. Rheumatoid arthristis. (2019, August 28). Retrieved March 2020, from NHS: https://www.nhs.uk/conditions/rheumatoid-arthritis/
  2. Rheumatoid Arthritis. (2019, March 5). Retrieved March 2020, from Center for Disease Control and Prevention: https://www.cdc.gov/arthritis/basics/rheumatoid-arthritis.html#complications

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