You are not misheard about breast cancer in men. Both male and female are born with some breast cell and tissue. Breast cancer still can develop in men even though males do not have mil-producing breasts. However, male breast cancer is rarely than breast cancer in female.
Where is the male breast cancer start?
Male breast cancer starts from different parts of the breast. Commonly breast cancer starts in the ducts that carry milk to the nipple (cancer). These dusts and glands also have in men too, even though they are not work functional.
How does male breast cancer spread?
Breast cancer can spread when the cancer cells get into the blood or lymph system and are carried to other regions of the body. Many lymph vessels of the breast drain into:
- Lymph nodes under the arm (axillary nodes)
- Lymph nodes near the collar bone (supraclavicular and infraclavicular)
- Lymph nodes inside the chest near the breastbone (internal mammary nodes)
How many types of male breast cancer?
- Ductal carcinoma in situ
- Lobular carcinoma
- Infiltrating (or invasive) ductal carcinoma
- Infiltrating (or invasive) lobular carcinoma carcinoma
- Paget disease of the nipple
- Inflammatory breast cancer
What are the symptoms of male breast cancer?
The signs and symptoms are demonstrated below.
- A painless lump or thickening in your breast tissue
- Changes to the skin covering your breast, such as dimpling, puckering, redness or scaling
- Change to your nipple including redness or scaling, or a nipple that begins to turn inward
- Discharge from nipple
What are factors influence on male breast cancer?
There are many factors that can increase the chance to have breast cancer in men including:
- Older age: male breast cancer regularly happens and diagnosed in men with their 60s.
- Exposure to estrogen: If you take estrogen drugs like hormone therapy for prostate cancer, your chance to have breast cancer likely to increase.
- Family history of breast cancer: If your family members have breast cancer, you also have a great risk of developing the illness.
- Klinefelter’s syndrome: It causes abnormal development of the testicle. This is genetic syndrome happen when boy are born with many copies of X chromosome. The man’s body produce lower androgen (male hormone) and more estrogens (female hormone).
- Liver disease: The illness including cirrhosis of the liver can reduce male hormone and increase female hormone, it can increase risk of breast cancer.
- Obesity: When you are obesity, your body is likely to have higher level of estrogen, you also have a great risk of illness.
- Testicle disease or surgery: If you are having inflamed testicles (orchitis) or remove or surgery a testicle (orchiectomy), you also have a great risk of developing male breast cancer.
- American Cancer Society. (n.d.). Retrieved May 2020, from Breast Cancer in Men: https://www.cancer.org/cancer/breast-cancer-in-men/about/what-is-breast-cancer-in-men.html
- Mayo Clinic. (n.d.). Retrieved May 2020, from Male breast cancer: https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/male-breast-cancer/symptoms-